Photography is an art that uses the camera to capture an image. There are a lot of techniques of photography and they are dependent on features such as light, camera position, environment etc.
Light is a vital factor when it comes to photography. One can use it to display a certain theme, effect or create ambiance. There are a couple of lighting techniques when it comes to photography and I will gladly take you through.
This is exactly as it sounds. It spits the image into two horizontal halves with one side being exposed to light while the other one is in darkness. The dark side is however not 100% dark but the distinction between the dark and light side is evident. This technique is mostly used to create a dramatic effect. It also brings a touch of masculinity to an image hence most men like taking their photos using this technique. In order to achieve this technique, place the light source 90 degrees to the left or right of the subject and slightly behind. Under this technique when you are taking a portrait, it is advisable to let the light reflect on the model’s eyes, especially the one close to the light source. It makes the model ‘s eyes appear full of life.
This technique is best used on portraits. It creates a dark shadow on the model’s nose and cheeks. To achieve this technique, the lighting should be about 45 degrees from the camera. The shadow of the nose and neck don’t touch. This technique is the most popular used technique because it is usually flattering.
This technique was named after a painter called Rembrandt because he often used it on his paintings. In Rembrandt lighting, the shadow creates little triangle of light in the middle. This technique creates a dramatic effect, more mood and a darker feeling on your image. This technique involves placing the subject slightly away from the light source. The light source should be above the subject at an angle that allows it to form the little triangular shadow.
This technique is named after the butterfly shaped shadow that is created. The light source is placed above and directly behind the camera such that the photographer is shooting underneath the light source. It is mostly used when doing portraits to create a glamorous effect. It also favors older people since it creates an illusion of little or no wrinkles.
In this technique the face of your object is turned away from the center and the side that faces the camera is in the light. This produces a large area of light on the face and the shadow appears much smaller. This technique makes the subject image look broader.
This is literally the opposite of broad lighting. It puts the side turned towards the camera in shadow. Its makes the subject image appear slimmer.
In this technique, light is used in a manner that defining features are highlighted. The light source is placed 45 degrees to the subject and a backlight is used as a separation from the foreground.http://www.africaknows.com/
Now that you are informed you can play around with these lighting techniques to get certain effects. Every technique has its own advantages, find that which suits you best and work with it. Don’t be rigid though, feel free to try all of them out.